Definition of bioplastics

As of now, there is no standardised definition of a bioplastic. Within the currently most widely accepted meaning, a bioplastic is a biobased material and/or biodegradable . There are three major categories of bioplastics:

  • Biosourced (obtained from renewable resources) and biodegradable materials
  • Materials made using fossil fuels (oil) and biodegradable ressources
  • Biosourced and sustainable materials (non biodegradable)
Biodegradable PBAT, PCL, PBSA PBS, TPS, starch-based compound, biobased TPE PLA, PHAs, TPS
Non biodegradable PE, PP, PS, PET, PVC, PUR, PC, ABS, PA, etc. Biosourced PET, biobased PA 6-10, biobased PC, biobased PUR, biobased TPE, PTT, biobased Copolyesters, Cellulose esters, Hybrids Biosourced PE, biobased PP, biobased PA-11, biobased PA 10-10
Non biobased Partially biobased Biosourced


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Historically, the plastic raw materials used industrially by man were of natural origin.
In addition to their origin and end-of-life properties, bioplastic materials may be split into two categories.
The biobased and/or biodegradable plastics market is in a state of constant evolution. For the past several years, it has witnessed major developments in production capabilities of biobased and non-biodegradable polymers.