Definition of bioplastics
As of now, there is no standardised definition of a bioplastic. Within the currently most widely accepted meaning, a bioplastic is a biobased material and/or biodegradable . There are three major categories of bioplastics:
- Biosourced (obtained from renewable resources) and biodegradable materials
- Materials made using fossil fuels (oil) and biodegradable ressources
- Biosourced and sustainable materials (non biodegradable)
|Biodegradable||PBAT, PCL, PBSA||PBS, TPS, starch-based compound, biobased TPE||PLA, PHAs, TPS|
|Non biodegradable||PE, PP, PS, PET, PVC, PUR, PC, ABS, PA, etc.||Biosourced PET, biobased PA 6-10, biobased PC, biobased PUR, biobased TPE, PTT, biobased Copolyesters, Cellulose esters, Hybrids||Biosourced PE, biobased PP, biobased PA-11, biobased PA 10-10|
|Non biobased||Partially biobased||Biosourced|
GOING EVEN FURTHER
Historically, the plastic raw materials used industrially by man were of natural origin.
In addition to their origin and end-of-life properties, bioplastic materials may be split into two categories.
The biobased and/or biodegradable plastics market is in a state of constant evolution. For the past several years, it has witnessed major developments in production capabilities of biobased and non-biodegradable polymers.